P-1, P-2, P-3 — Athletes, Entertainment Workers, Cultural Artists
The P visa categories,
P-1visa classification is reserved for athletes and entertainers who compete or perform at an internationally recognized level but do not qualify for the O visa classification.
P-2visa classification allows for the reciprocal exchange of artists and entertainers between US-basedand foreign-basedorganizations.
P-3visa classification is reserved for artists and entertainers who will participate in a culturally unique program. Support personnel are eligible for P visas in all three categories. P-4visas are available for spouses and children, but the P-4does not entitle spouses and children to work in the US.
P-1 Visas for Internationally Recognized Athletes and Entertainers
If an athlete is coming to the US to compete on a team, the team that is petitioning for the athlete must have achieved international recognition in the sport. An athlete that will be competing in the US as an individual must demonstrate that he/she is internationally recognized. Individual athletes may be admitted for up to five years and athletes competing on a team may be admitted for the duration of the competition, up to one year.
To qualify for a
Petitioning for a
The petition for a
- Written contract between the individual and the petitioner, or in the absence of a written contract, a thorough description of the oral agreement
- Explanation of the event and itinerary
- Consultation from a labor organization, and
- At least two forms of documentation establishing the international caliber of the athlete, the athlete’s team, or the entertainment group.
If the petition is being filed by a US employer or agent, it should be submitted to the regional USCIS Service Center with jurisdiction over the petitioner. If a foreign employer is filing the petition, it should be submitted to the regional USCIS Service Center with jurisdiction over the location where the individual will begin employment.
P-2 Visas for International Exchange of Entertainers or Artists
P-3 Visas for Culturally Unique Programs
What are some problems and issues to consider when submitting a P Petition?
- USCIS’ interpretation of the term “culturally unique” depends on the reviewing officer
- Logistical issues, such as rush jobs, changing itineraries, changing members of a group
- USCIS’s limited, traditional view of athletes which can restrict athletes in new sports
How does White & Associates help?
We have been working for petitioners and beneficiaries of P visas for more than twenty years to solve the problems listed above. We have helped them overcome USCIS skepticism and consular attempts to revoke already approved petitions. Please contact us so that we may discuss how we can assist you.